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Medical School

Bigots for the Left at universities are discriminating against Asian Americans.

8/27/14 Crain’s New York Business: “Behind drop in Asian-American med students”
There are some surprising trends related to New Yorkers applying to or entering medical school, based on data outlined in the Aug. 21 Pulse Extra. While the portion of minority students in medical school has generally risen over the past nine years, there is one exception: Asians.
The number of applicants who self-identify as Asian rose by 30 percent between 2005 and 2012, but the number actually enrolled in medical school dropped 14.5 percent.
Those figures buck the U.S. trend. The number of Asian applicants to medical school and of Asian matriculants rose nationally, according to data from the American Association of Medical Colleges.
The reasons for the decline in enrollment by Asians in New York isn’t clear. There was a significant rise in Asian medical school students between 1970 and 2005, said B Li, M.D., a gastroenterologist who co-founded the Asian Pacific American Medical Students Association in 1995.
“The curve of African-Americans absolutely flatlined, has actually gone down as a percent of the medical school class,” Li said. During that time, “Asian Americans went from 1.5 percent to about 21 percent of the class. And we’re about 3 percent of population.”
Some Asian populations, including Southeast Asians, are underrepresented in medical school, Li said. And Asians are not proportionately represented in the medical school hierarchy.
http://www.crainsdetroit.com/article/20140827/NEWS/140829852/behind-drop-in-asian-american-med-students
2/11/12 Medical School Acceptance Rates Reflect Preferences for Preferred Minority Groups
1. For those students applying to medical school with average GPAs (3.40 to 3.59) and average
MCAT scores (27-29), black applicants were almost three times more likely to be admitted than their
Asian counterparts (85.9% vs. 30%), and 2.4 times more likely than their white counterparts
(85.9% vs. 35.9%). Likewise, Hispanic students with average GPAs and average MCAT scores
were about twice as likely to be accepted as white applicants (68.7% vs. 35.9%), and more than
twice as likely as Asian applicants (68.7% vs. 30%).
2. For students applying to medical school with slightly below average GPAs of 3.20-3.39 and
slightly below average MCAT scores of 24-26 (first column in the table), black applicants were more
than 8 times as likely to be admitted as Asians (67.3% vs. 7.7%), and more than 5 times as likely
as whites.
http://mjperry.blogspot.com/2012/02/do-medical-school-acceptance-rates-from.html

Admissions Data for American Medical Schools (in total) –
Table 25: MCAT and GPA Grid for Applicants and Acceptees by Selected Race and Ethnicity, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 (aggregated)
https://www.aamc.org/data/facts/applicantmatriculant/157998/mcat-gpa-grid-by-selected-race-ethnicity.html

Statistics on reverse discrimination against Asian Americans at the University of California,
UC medical schools, UC law schools, the University of Michigan, and other states, please click on: 
http://home.sandiego.edu/~e_cook/

More data below.

The Center for Equal Opportunity (www.ceousa.org) has documented this reverse discrimination in studies
of the University of Michigan, University of Maryland, and five other medical schools across the country.

12/17/09 National Review: “U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Weighs in on the Senate Health-Care Bill,”
by Roger Clegg
The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights has sent a letter to various leading senators objecting to
�racially discriminatory provisions� in the Senate�s health-care bill, like coercing medical schools and
others into using racially preferential admission policies. The Commission had already noted the same
constitutional problems in the House version.
http://www.usccr.gov/correspd/LetterPresidentSenatorsHealthCare12-11-09.pdf

3/6/12 Medscape: “‘Linsanity’ in Surgical Oncology?  Asian American Bias Under Scrutiny”
by Nick Mulcahy
There are many Asian Americans in academic departments of surgery in the United States, but only a
scant few have achieved the top leadership position of department chair, according to a study published
in the March issue of the Annals of Surgery.
Of 383 academic departments of surgery, 8 are chaired by Asian Americans (2.1%), reports study
author Don Nakayama, MD, MBA, chair of the Department of Surgery at the Mercer University School of
Medicine in Macon, Georgia.
This is a low percentage given the fact that Asian Americans comprise 10.8% to 12.2% of all surgical
faculty members, and that Asian Americans have shown great talent in the field; they are the principal
investigators of nearly 20% of all National Institutes of Health (NIH)-supported grants in surgery, according
to the study.
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/759734

Here are statistics on the number of:
(1) students accepted by the 25 most selective medical schools, and
(2) Asian-Americans attending the 25 most selective medical schools:

2010

2009

2007

2004

If you received a reject letter, file complaints with the Department of Education and the Department of Labor. You have 180 days.

Office for Civil Rights
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20202-1100
1-800-421-3481
FAX: (202) 245-6840; TODD: (877) 521-2172
Online complaint form: http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/complaintintro.html
E-mail: OCR@ed.gov
How to file a complaint: http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/howto.html?src=rt

Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
U.S. Department of Labor
Frances Perkins Building
200 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20210
1-866-4-USA-DOL
How to file a complaint:
http://www.dol.gov/esa/ofccp/regs/compliance/pdf/pdfstart.htm

If you graduated from a selective school, before you mail your donation, ask the board of trustees
to disclose statistics proving they are not discriminating against Asian Americans (number of total
applicants, number of Asian American applicants, number admitted, average grades and test scores
of those admitted, number of Asian Americans admitted, average grades and test scores of Asian
Americans admitted).  If they refuse, what are they hiding?

.
2/17/12 Inside Higher Ed: “The New MCAT,”
By Scott Jaschik
New sections on the social sciences and on critical thinking will be added to the Medical College
Admission Test in 2015, representing the first major revision in the exam since 1991 and one of
the largest ever since it was introduced in 1928.
The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) runs the MCAT.
The AAMC has been encouraging medical colleges to admit more underrepresented minority
students, and has been making modest progress in this regard. But large gaps remain in the MCAT
averages of different groups. In 2010, the median scores were 26.0 for white students, 25.7 for Asian
students, 21.3 for Latino students and 19.7 for black students.

12/17/09 National Review: “U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Weighs in on the Senate Health-Care Bill,”
by Roger Clegg
The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights has sent a letter to various leading senators objecting to
�racially discriminatory provisions� in the Senate�s health-care bill, like coercing medical schools and
others into using racially preferential admission policies. The Commission had already noted the same
constitutional problems in the House version.
http://www.usccr.gov/correspd/LetterPresidentSenatorsHealthCare12-11-09.pdf

7/6/09: Selling Merit Down the River
By Russell K. Nieli
Excerpted from pages 21 and 22
http://www.nas.org/documents/Taming_the_River_2.pdf 
The River Pilots’ concern here may be misplaced, however, for even if black and
Latino students do earn substantially lower grades than whites and Asians, they may have
just as good a chance as the members of those higher-performing groups of gaining
entrance to competitive graduate and professional schools. The admissions boost for
being black at many of the most competitive law schools, medical schools, business
schools, and graduate programs is often huge — larger even in standard deviation terms
than the undergraduate college boost — and black undergraduates all know this. The
post-graduate boost for being Latino is less but still substantial. Mediocre grades for a
black or Latino student is not the same impediment to getting into a good graduate or
professional school as it is for a white or Asian.
Consider, for example, medical schools. According to the American Association
of Medical Colleges, the average college GPA in the pre-med college science courses for
all whites who entered an American medical school in 2007 was 3.63, and for Asians a
near-identical 3.62. For blacks, however, it was only 3.29. This is by itself a very
significant difference but the spread of the black scores was much wider than that of
either the whites or Asians (black SD .43, white and Asian SD each .29), indicating that
significant numbers of blacks with science GPAs as low as 2.9 or 3.0 were accepted into
medical schools, scores that would virtually preclude whites or Asians. Latino science
GPAs were roughly halfway between those of the blacks and the higher-scoring whites
and Asians (3.45 mean).
Scores on the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) tell a similar story. The
median score on the basic science part of the MCAT for a black admitted to medical
school in 2007 was equal to that of a white at only the 14th percentile of white admits, and
of an Asian at only the 10th percentile of Asian admits. In other words, 86% of whites
and 90% of Asians entering medical schools did better on the MCAT basic science
section than the median black. Once again, Latino scores were roughly halfway between
the blacks and the higher-scoring Asians and whites.20 This same pattern was shown in
earlier studies of MCAT scores. For instance, a Rand Corporation study of admissions
policies at ten medical schools in the late 1970s found a black/white gap in MCAT scores
well over a standard deviation, a Chicano/white gap slightly less than one SD. The Rand
study calculated that a black or Chicano applicant with a better then 50% chance of
admission to these ten medical schools, had that applicant been held to the same entrance
standards as whites, would have reduced his admissions chances to only about one-intwenty,
or 5%.21 From a 5% admissions chance up to a 50% or better chance as the bonus
for being black or Chicano — can anyone imagine that this will have no effect on many
of those seeking to gain entry into the medical profession?

Data from the AAMC (American Association of Medical Colleges) for U.S. Medical School
Applicants 2005-2007 (3 years).

1. An Hispanic American with a GPA of 2.8 to 2.99 and a MCAT score of 36 to 38 has a 33.3%
chance of being admitted to a U.S. medical school.
http://www.aamc.org/data/facts/2008/MCATGPAgridHispnic.pdf
MCAT and GPA Grid for Applicants and Acceptees to U.S. Medical Schools who self-identified*
as Hispanic, 2005 to 2007 (aggregated)

2. An Asian American with a GPA of 2.8 to 2.99 and a MCAT score of 36 to 38 has a 36.8%
chance of being admitted to a U.S. medical school.
http://www.aamc.org/data/facts/2008/MCATGPAgridAsian.pdf

MCAT and GPA Grid for Applicants and Acceptees to U.S. Medical Schools who self-identified*
as Asian, 2005 to 2007 (aggregated)

3. A White with a GPA of 2.8 to 2.99 and a MCAT score of 36 to 38 has a 40.7% chance of being
admitted to a U.S. medical school.
http://www.aamc.org/data/facts/2008/MCATGPAgridWHITE.pdf

MCAT and GPA Grid for Applicants and Acceptees to U.S. Medical Schools who self-identified*
as White, 2005 to 2007 (aggregated)

4. An African American with a GPA of 2.8 to 2.99 and a MCAT score of 36 to 38 has a 100%
chance of being admitted to a U.S. medical school.

Table 25: MCAT and GPA Grid for Applicants and Acceptees to U.S. Medical Schools by Selected
Race and Ethnicity, 2005 to 2007 (aggregated)
http://www.aamc.org/data/facts/applicantmatriculant/table25-mcatgpa-grid-3yrs-app-accpt-raceeth.htm

6/25/07 blog post
Here is an East Asian Female med school applicant from Princeton applying to the top American
MD-PhD (MSTP) programs in 2007. She had a 41 MCAT score and a 3.93 cumulative GPA from
Princeton in Biological Sciences. She was accepted at UCSF, Columbia, Cornell, Penn and NYU,
but rejected by Harvard, Stanford, Washington U. at St. Louis, and the U. of Michigan Medical Schools
for the MD-PhD program. She will be attending UCSF. Click on this for the profile of the East Asian
American applicant: http://mdapplicants.com/viewprofile.php?id=7606
6/1/07 Washington Post: “At Med Schools, a New Degree of Diversity: Classes Reflect A Foreign Flavor,”
by David Brown
The six members of Medical Team 4 have a lot in common. Each wears a white coat, has a
stethoscope for a necklace and has stayed up late this week. They can all start an IV and work up a
solitary lung nodule.
They share something less obvious, too. With one exception, none has a grandparent born in the
United States.
Med 4 at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Northwest Washington is the new face of American
medicine. Its members happen to come from Georgetown and George Washington universities, but
the team is indistinguishable from similar groups of young doctors and doctors-to-be at many of the
country’s 125 medical schools.
In the past 15 years, U.S. medicine has seen a huge influx of first- and second-generation immigrants.
It follows and augments a different demographic trend that began 30 years ago with the acceptance of
increasing numbers of women into medical schools. As a result of that earlier revolutionary change, half
of new practitioners today are women.
The Norman Rockwell-Marcus Welby image of the American doctor — an avuncular white man, often
in a bow tie — is rapidly disappearing.
From 1980 to 2004, the fraction of medical school graduates describing themselves as white fell
from 85 percent to 64 percent. Over that same period, the percentage of Asians increased from
3 percent to 20 percent, with Indians and Chinese the two biggest ethnic groups.
For full story, see http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/31/AR2007053102433.html 
3/21/06 Harvard Crimson: Harvard Medical School Amends Admit Policy. Worried that practice
was unconstitutional, school nixes panel vetting minorities
By Lawrence Holland
In a move that brings its admissions policies in line with the rest of the University, Harvard Medical
School (HMS) will eliminate an admissions subcommittee dedicated to applicants from under-represented
minorities next year, according to HMS administrators.
The announcement comes a week after HMS sent out admissions decisions to its incoming Class of
2010, and almost three years after the Supreme Court struck down the University of Michigan’s
point-based undergraduate admissions policy in the cases of Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger.
HMS officials acknowledged that the policy shift came in response to fears that their system could be
viewed as unconstitutional.
Its well-intentioned, but we’ve been told repeatedly by the University counsel and consultants for the
University counsel that it is not a wise policy to maintain, said Dr. Robert J. Mayer, faculty associate
dean for admissions at HMS, yesterday.
Since the landmark 1978 Bakke Supreme Court decision that barred universities from using quota
systems, HMS has used a two-tiered system in which applications from under-represented minorities
defined as African-Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans are evaluated by a dedicated
subcommittee before being pooled with the rest of the applicants for a final decision, according to
Dr. Alvin F. Poussaint, HMS associate dean for student affairs.
According to Mayer, HMS started to review its affirmative action policy in late 2004.
Under the new system, minority applications will simply be flagged to ensure that at least one minority
admissions officer evaluates the application and interviews the applicant, Poussaint said in an interview
last Friday.
We stood out, in a sense, as a contrast to Harvard College, the Law School, the Business School, and
all the other medical schools in the country, Mayer said. Its an internal adjustment in the way that the
process takes place, so as not to make the Medical School and the University in general vulnerable to
any outside forces.
Poussaint cited the language of the Gratz v. Bollinger decision, which called for holistic affirmative
action policies, saying that administrators thought it would look more holistic if minority groups were
spread over all the subcommittees.
They didn’t want to give any appearance of doing something different that was in some way limited
to minorities, Poussaint said.
Mayer added that the change in the admissions process did not indicate a reduced commitment
to diversity.
There is absolutely no change in our commitment to diversity, Mayer said. If anything, it enhances
the commitment to under-represented minorities.
In his interview with The Crimson yesterday, Mayer also released statistics on the incoming
Class of 2010, the last HMS class to be admitted under the old affirmative action policy.
According to Mayer, the acceptance rate at HMS remained steady this year at 4.2 percent. The
school remains at the top of many students wish lists: Mayer said that the schools haul of 4,683
applications meant that one of every seven medical school applicants in the country applied to
Harvard. Minority applications were down slightly, but both Mayer and Poussaint said that the
drop was well within standard deviations.
12/19/01: According to the American Association of Medical Colleges, Asian-Americans are not
minorities.  “You are eligible for Med-MAR if you meet the following criteria: You are a U.S. citizen
or Permanent Resident Visa holder and you are a member of a group currently under- represented
in medicine (Black American, American Indian, Mexican American, Mainland Puerto Rican, and/or
low-income individual)”.  Therefore, when they want to implement affirmative action, they want to
discriminate against Asian-Americans.
http://www.aamc.org/students/minorities/start.htm http://www.aamc.org/students/minorities/resources/medmar.htm
Asian-Americans are the most qualified but have the lowest chance of admission to medical school
than any other racial or ethnic group.  See Center for Equal Opportunity and click on
1. Preferences in Medical Education: Racial and Ethnic Preferences at Five Public Medical Schools, and
2. Racial and Ethnic Preferences and Consequences at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
6/21/01 http://www.jewishworldreview.com: “Affirmative action doctors can kill you,” by Linda Chavez,
Center For Equal Opportunity —
The American Medical Association meets this week in Chicago for its annual conference, and there will
be plenty of controversial public policy issues on its agenda. But one issue you can bet the AMA won’t talk
about is what effect the widespread practice of admitting blacks and Hispanics to medical school with
lower qualifications than their white and Asian counterparts is having on the medical profession.
By now, most Americans have gotten used to the idea that colleges and universities apply double
standards when it comes to admitting black and Hispanic undergraduates — even if they don’t like it
very much. The assumption has been, however, that these students somehow catch up over the next
four years and go on to be just as successful as their white and Asian peers.
This notion was given a boost a few years ago when two influential former college presidents,
William Bowen and Derek Bok, published the findings of a study on affirmative action, “The Shape of
the River,” in which they claimed that minority students who benefited from preferential admissions
standards nonetheless went on to perform well, earning graduate degrees at higher numbers than
might be expected.
What Bowen and Bok didn’t say is that the same degree of racial preference being given to
minority students at the undergraduate level applies to graduate schools, too, including medical schools.
For the first time ever, we now have the hard numbers to prove that medical schools routinely give
preference to less-qualified black (and sometimes Hispanic) applicants than to others.
The Center for Equal Opportunity (CEO), which I head, has been studying the issue of racial
preferences in college admissions for the past six years.
We’ve now turned our focus to medical schools and are in the process of gathering information on
every public school of medicine in the country. So far, we’ve analyzed six medical schools, representing
every geographic region of the country, and the pattern for medical schools is the same as it was for
undergraduate institutions.
Black and Hispanic students are being admitted to medical school with substantially lower college
grades and test scores than whites or Asians. If you’re a black or, to a lesser degree, Hispanic
applicant, your chances of being admitted to medical school are far greater than whites or Asians
with the same college grades and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores.
At the University of Washington School of Medicine in 1997, the odds ratio of a black applicant
being admitted over a white with the same grades and MCAT scores were nearly 30-to-1.  At the
State University of New York, Brooklyn, the odds were nearly 23-to-1 in 1996 and were 9-to-1 in
1999. At the University of Maryland in 1999, they were 21-to-1, and at the University of Georgia in
1996, they were 19-to-1. At Michigan State University College of Human Medicine they were
12-to-1 in 1997 and 14-to-1 in 1999.
But more disturbing even than the finding that medical schools seem to be admitting less-qualified
students on the basis of race and ethnicity is that many of these students can’t pass their licensing
exams, despite greater resources directed toward helping them than other students received.
At every medical school CEO studied, substantially larger numbers of black students than whites
either did not take or failed their initial licensing exams, and, in most instances, failed their
subsequent licensing tests as well. These higher failure rates don’t just mean personal
disappointment. Since medical education requires a huge allocation of resources — and at state
schools, this usually means tax-payer funding — medical students who do not go on to become
doctors are a poor investment.
More than 3,500 white and Asian students were not admitted to the schools CEO studied,
despite having better grades and test scores than black and Hispanic applicants who were
given preferential treatment. Since grades and, in particular, MCAT scores are very good
predictors of performance on the licensing exams, we know that a higher percentage of these
students would have passed the exams if they had been admitted.
So, who wins? Certainly not the whites and Asians denied the opportunity to study medicine.
But neither do the blacks and Hispanics who were admitted to medical school but could not
survive there.
And all of the rest of us — of all colors — suffer, too, from a shortage of qualified doctors.
“Group accuses [University of Maryland] medical school of showing favoritism toward blacks,”
4/4/01 Baltimore Sun.  The University of Maryland School of Medicine admits that it favors
African-Americans in its admission process.  A black applicant in 1999 was 21 times more
likely to be accepted than a white applicant with the same credentials, according to the Center
for Equal Opportunity (“CEO”), headed by Linda Chavez,  President Bush’s first choice for
labor secretary.  The CEO report about the medical school in Baltimore showed that the scores
on the MCAT – the medical school equivalent of the SAT – of the 25th and 75th percentiles of
black applicants were 36 and 44.  Similar scores for white applicants were 45 and 52.
Francis Canavan, associate vice chancellor for the University System of Maryland, said he did
not question the report’s data. “The university does take race into account in the admission
process as one of many factors in meeting its responsibility to provide equal opportunities to
historically underrepresented groups,” he said.  The medical school is being sued by a white
applicant, Robert Farmer, who claims he was discriminated against when he was denied
admission in 1996.  The state claims that he would not have been admitted under any circumstances.

“Promotion of minorities at medical school is at issue in study,”  9/6/2000 Boston Globe, p. A3.
For complete article, search Boston Globe Archives

3/00 La Griffe du Lion: “Standardized Tests: The Interpretation of Racial and
Ethnic Gaps,” http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com/testing.htm

2/00 La Griffe du Lion: “The Death of Meritocracy,”  Statistics on how UCLA medicals school
engages in reverse discrimination against Asian Americans.  http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com/prop209.htm

A benchmark for medical competence is the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Exam
Part I. Every medical student in the US must pass it to become a physician. Students take the exam two
years before graduation.  The most comprehensive study of NBME pass rates was published in 1994 by
Beth Dawson et al (Journal of the American Medical Association 1994 272:9 674-9). The authors examined
the performance of every medical student in the U.S. taking the June exam for the first time over the years
1986, 1987 and 1988.  Dawson and her colleagues found that white medical students passed the NBME
test at a rate of 87.7 percent and blacks at 48.9 percent.  Notably, when Dawson’s study looked at entering
students with similar academic credentials, the pass rates on the NBME exam were independent of race,
pointing an accusing finger directly at affirmative action.  For all its good intentions, affirmative action has
created two levels of competence in American medicine, separated by a bit more than one standard
deviation. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/15487672_Performance_on_the_National_Board_of_Medical_Examiners._Part_I_Examination_by_men_and_women_of_different_race_and_ethnicity

Discussion

One thought on “Medical School

  1. Quite interesting how this person got rejected from Washington U. being that their standards are wholly lower than that of Columbia’s.

    Posted by Jason Freed | December 5, 2014, 10:30 am

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